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Course OUTLINE

Module 1

Module 1

Interior Design in Context

What precisely is Interior Design? Research shows we spend almost 90% of our lives indoors. Therefore, efficient and aesthetically-pleasing interior environments greatly influence our lifestyle as well as our well-being.

This unit deals with the holistic characterization of Interior Design, investigating its core importance in our régime, the need to study Interior Design on a formative and structured approach, and the advantages we gain by choosing Interior Design as a field.

Regardless of the discipline, Design is a process of systematic decision-making used to develop a concept or idea. Learning the process of Interior Design takes us from being creative and imaginative individuals to professionals competent enough to develop creative ideas according to its functionality and fit the needs of its end user and, in the end, transform this initial slice of imagination to a tangible and profitable reality.

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Module 1 - Outline

  1. Definition of Interior Design
    • Interior Design Definition
    • Scope of Services
  2. Purpose of Interior Design
    • Planned Purpose and function
    • Design Aesthetics
    • Budget
    • Social Responsibility
  3. Profession of Interior Design
    • Professional liaison
    • Residential Interior Design
    • Non-residential Interior Design
  4. Future of Interior Design
    • Professionalism
    • Social Impact and Environmental Responsibility
    • Accountability
    • User Participation
    • Technology
  5. Professional Organizations in Interior Design
    • Professional Organizations
Module 2

Module 2

History of Interior Design

There is beauty in architecture that can only be found in its history. More so, its history has played a significant role in today’s modern civilizations and contributed greatly to the globalized world.

Entering the world of history provides us with an opportunity to see Interior Design with a more appreciative vision. Along with the splendor and magnificence of what no longer exists, there is deeper gratification in seeing how different building types have been shaped and developed through vast layers of culture and civilization. Because of the close relationship of the built environment to man’s existence, history provides an opportunity to develop a deeper understanding of how humanity influences the design and style of buildings as well as the construction techniques used and being used. Vice versa, it is valuable to comprehend how buildings affect man’s wellbeing and how these technologies have been used to progress our lives into the modern world.

Due to the large volume of historical material, the Western tradition will be the focus of this module. Several non-western styles will also be presented to have a broader understanding of the holistic contribution of these cultures to the overall development of Interior Design.

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Module 2 - Outline

  1. Ancient Interior Design
    • Prehistoric Ages
    • Mesopotamian Era
    • Egyptian Architecture
    • Asian Civilizations
  2. Neolithic European, Greek, Roman and Byzantium
    • Neolithic Europe
    • Greek
    • Romans
    • Byzantine
  3. Middle Ages
    • Dark Ages
    • Romanesque
    • Gothic
  4. Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo and Neoclassical
    • Renaissance Revival
    • Baroque
    • Rococo
    • Neoclassical
  5. Islamic Design
    • Islamic Interiors
  6. Modern Interior Design
    • Industrial Revolution
    • Victorian Style
    • Arts and Crafts
    • Art Nouveau
    • Art Deco
    • Modernism and Post War Period
    • Organic Architecture
    • International Style
    • Post Modernism
    • High Tech Architecture
Module 3

Module 3

The Fundamentals of Interior Design

What makes a good Interior Design?

Is it just a collection of snapshots for our scrapbooks? Is it the harmonious relationships between colors and textures? How do we lay out a set of pillars to make it pleasing to the eye?

A good Interior Designer is not just a person who comes up with a dazzling scheme of creative thoughts. Meriam Webster defines design as to “create, fashion, execute or construct according to plan”. But what makes a design aesthetically pleasing? What influences the human mind to regard something as beautiful?

This unit covers fundamental design principles and guidelines that largely influence the human perception of a high-quality Interior Design.

Furthermore, this module introduces us to the main elements used as the base components to create and formulate a well-planned design scheme. These elements are used and manipulated by an imaginative mind to create and distinguish highly aesthetic environments. These elements, formed by the principles discussed in the same module, along with a surge of creativity and imagination and the imposition of the desired function, are the key components to what makes a good Interior Design.

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Module 3 - Outline

  1. Human Perception
    • Visual Perception
    • Hearing and Acoustics
    • Tactile, Texture and Temperature
    • Taste and Smell
  2. Interior Design Principles
    • Professionalism
    • Social Impact and Environmental Responsibility
    • Accountability
    • User Participation
    • Technology
  3. Interior Design Elements
    • Point and Line
    • Shape
    • Form and Space
    • Shape Pattern
    • Color
    • Light and Value
    • Texture
  4. Translating the Elements and Principles of Design to ID Settings
    • Point and Line
    • Shape
    • Form and Space
    • Shape Pattern
    • Color
    • Light and Value
    • Texture
  5. Design Styles
    • Functionality in Interior Design
    • European Interior Design Styles
    • American Interior Design Styles
    • International Interior Design Styles
Module 4

Module 4

Color in Interior Design

Color is the paint that we apply to an empty canvas of space in the scope of Interior Design.

Interior Design is primarily composed of lines, colors and texture. As color has a large influence on the human psyche, the subject covers a broad scope in the design and decoration of interiors. Color affects, influences, governs and, at times, even defines Interior Design.

This unit offers a full discussion of color and its effect on human psychology. It takes us on a journey from in-depth knowledge of color definition and formation to the harmonious composition of color schemes and through the branch of color psychology, a knowledge of which we utilize to make our designs coherent for their intended function and purpose.

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Module 4 - Outline

  1. The Basics of Color
    • Hue
    • Saturation
    • Spectrum
    • Tint
    • Metameric Effect
    • Color Formation
    • Systems of Color
    • Chroma
  2. Color Harmony
    • Achromatic Color Scheme
    • Monochromatic Color Scheme
    • Analogous Color Scheme
    • Complementary Color Scheme
    • Split Complementary Color Scheme
    • Triad Color Scheme
    • Tetrad Color Scheme
  3. Color Psychology
    • Symbolism of Color
    • Color Psychology - Red
    • Color Psychology - Orange
    • Color Psychology – Yellow
    • Color Psychology - Green
    • Color Psychology – Blue
    • Color Psychology – Purple
    • Color Psychology – White
    • Color Psychology – Black
  4. Color in Interior Design History
    • Prehistoric
    • Mezopotamian
    • Egyptian
    • Asian Civilisations
    • Neolithic Europe
    • Greek
    • Romas
    • Byzantine
    • Dark Ages and Romanesque
    • Gothic
Module 5

Module 5

Space Planning

Space planning is another essential Interior Design skill which contributes to the design of good, functional and practical Interior Design. This module offers thorough knowledge of the concepts behind space planning and using these concepts along with modern strategies to create a high-quality Interior Design.

An idea remains an idea until written down.

A good Interior Designer knows how to translate ideas into sketches, drawings and a collection of mood pictures and material selections to express design intent. A lot of creative thinkers fail to pass this point as the design process is very much structured. One needs rigorous training to understand color specifications as well as the technical application of creative ideas.

This module introduces students to the translation of their design ideas to an actual tangible plan which expresses their design intent. Every designer understands the language of technical drawings and a qualified Interior Designer would need proper training on this part to be able to communicate with other professionals as well as their clients. Knowledge of technical drawing also allows them to record and further develop their schemes.

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Module 5 - Outline

  1. Human Anthropometrics and Ergonomics
    • Definition
    • Anthropometrics in Architecture
    • Anthropometrics in Interior Design
    • Anthropometrics in Furniture Design
  2. Anthropometric Practices in Space Planning
    • Principles, Criteria ad Constraints
    • Types of Measurement
    • Anthropometric Variation Factors
    • Handicapped Mobility
    • Project Type Planning
  3. Space Planning in Interior Design
    • Anthropometric Application and Principles in Space Planning
    • Planning Methods
    • Building Shell and Major Systems
    • Codes, Regulations and Considerations
    • Spatial Quality from Rough to Refined Plans
  4. Scaled Drawings
    • Process, Construction and Presentation Drawings
    • Drafting Standards and Symbols
    • Types of Plans
Module 6

Module 6

Furniture, Fixture and Equipment

F. F. and E., which stands for Furniture, Fixture and Equipment, is what differentiates an Interior Designer from an architect. A huge percentage of Interior Designers are hired mainly for developing F. F. and E. schemes as this is the heart and core of decorating.

It is solely an Interior Designer’s responsibility to propose the types and styles of interior elements for a project. This is primarily because F. F. and E. is exclusively under an Interior Designer’s scope of works. Therefore, clients rely on an Interior Designer’s taste and artistic understanding of what type of interior elements to use in a given space.

This module covers the subject of F. F, and E. and the methods of selection. Although F. F. and E. usually presents itself as tasteful shopping for furniture, an Interior Designer’s experience and know-how on the subject matter also includes careful specification of material finishes, upholstery, and furniture profile in relation to human anthropometrics.

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Module 6 - Outline

  1. Furniture Classifications
    • Historical Classification
    • Furniture Timeline
    • Purpose Classification
  2. F. F. and E. Selection
    • F. F. and E. Definition
    • F. F. and E. Selection
  3. Designing Bespoke Furniture
    • Human Ergonomics
    • Selection of Materials
  4. Accessories
    • Developing an Accessory Scheme
    • Works of Art
Module 7

Module 7

Materials and Finishes

50% of an Interior Designer’s job is to develop spatial planning, while 100% of their job is to develop the interior environment’s material and color scheme.

The look and aesthetics of an interior space are influenced by the selection of materials applied to the entire organization of the design. Colors and the psychology of the same manifest through the careful selection of materials and textures specified for a particular project. The material selection process can make or break an Interior Design scheme.

Having this idea established, on the other hand, the construction aspect of material selection must be carefully considered when developing a design proposal. Each type of material has an intended purpose and an Interior Designer must have a firm knowledge of what can or cannot work for a particular application. In addition, the installation and construction process varies from one material to another. Each material is unique in its own specifications and properties. An established Interior Designer should be able to understand the importance of this study.

Suffice it to say, an Interior Designer not only has to be artistic but also must have the right technical knowledge to be able to execute a design properly. This module covers both aspects with an in-depth discussion on the aesthetic as well as the construction purposes of materials and finishes.

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Module 7 - Outline

  1. Flooring Materials Finishes
    • Functions of a finished floor
    • Hard Flooring
    • Resilient Flooring
    • Soft Floor Covering
  2. Wall Construction and Finishes
    • Wall Construction
    • Wood Finishes
    • Plaster Finishes
    • Wall Tiles
    • Wall Covering
    • Paint
  3. Ceiling Materials and Finishes
    • Gypsum and Plaster
    • Wood
    • Metal
    • Acoustical Ceiling Tile
  4. Material Specifications
    • Methods and Standards
    • Schedule of Specifications
    • Sample Material Specifications
Module 8

Module 8

Interior Lighting

While colors and materials dress up an interior space, lighting enhances these elements and is regarded as the cherry on top of an Interior Design cake.

It is the effect of lighting in our vision that influences the human perception of beauty. Careful placement of lighting can highlight the best sections of an Interior Design environment. Lighting guides one’s vision and gives an Interior Designer more control on the end user’s perception of the space.

In addition, lighting also enhances the functionality of an interior space due to its ability to aid in certain tasks and, furthermore, to affect moods.

While providing a useful support on the aesthetics and functions of the space, the understanding of lighting is also technical as many aspects in a lighting scheme involve scientific information and meticulously specified in a design scheme.

This module provides in-depth knowledge of lighting and how it can be defined, controlled and specified for an Interior Design scheme.

This module also studies natural lighting and artificial electrical lighting in different segments as each type is treated differently.

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Module 8 - Outline

  1. Interior Lighting in Context
    • The Physics of Light
    • Human Perception
  2. Sources of Light
    • Passive Lighting
    • Active Lighting
  3. Creative Lighting Design
    • Lighting Principles
    • Lighting Design Concepts
  4. Lighting Plan and Specifications
    • Lighting Plan
    • Lighting Specification
Module 9

Module 9

Textiles and Soft Furnishing

As much as fabrics tend to be taken for granted in the process of design and construction, fabrics play a huge role in the Interior Design process.

The functions of textiles and soft furnishing are listed, but not limited to: Fabrics protect an interior environment from sun glare; Fabrics offer privacy to a given space; Fabrics protect soft furnishings; And most importantly, Fabrics provide a large percentage of contribution to the color and texture scheme of an Interior Design concept

But like other Interior Design elements, fabrics come in different varieties of material specifications. Each type should be matched according to their function along with their individual characters in terms of aesthetic and color harmony.

This module also intends to give a study of textures and fittings that are utilized to make and upgrade delicate furniture. It additionally investigates the utilization of delicate decorations in furniture design to help students understand their effect in Interior Design schemes.

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Module 9 - Outline

  1. Textile as a Decorative Element
    • Color match
    • Pattern Match
  2. Textile by Functionality
    • Upholstery
    • Window Treatments
    • Bed covers
    • Cushions
  3. Specifying Fabrics
    • Natural vs. Synthetic Fibres
    • Specialty Fibres
    • Abrasion Resistance
    • Fading Resistance
    • Crocking Resistance
    • Shrinking
  4. Safety Concerns
    • Flammability Test
Module 10

Module 10

Visual Communication Methods and Techniques

As mentioned in the previous module, every designer understands the language of technical drawings.

Technical drafting is the main way of communicating Interior Design concepts which, in turn, becomes immediately usable for building and construction. Without the knowledge of technical drafting, a designer will not be able to communicate precise intent to other designers. In the field of Interior Design, accuracy is mandatory to be able to apply a design on the real scale. An idea will stay as an idea until it is accurately marked on plan and elevation drawings to determine its accuracy in relation to site dimensions.

Visual communication, however, does not end in technical drawings. An Interior Design scheme may be expressed for the client’s understanding and obtaining their approval by using artistic approaches to design presentation. A design proposal must always be aesthetically pleasing in the client’s eye.

Design development is a meticulous and highly-enjoyable process. While it is always fun to start with design concepts, these initial creative ideas must be feasible enough to fit into reality. Thus, an Interior Designer must be able to translate their designs for both commitments.

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Module 10 - Outline

  1. Technical Drafting
    • Two-dimensional representation
    • Scale and Annotation
    • Floor Plans
    • Elevations
    • Sections
    • Drawing Symbols
  2. Presentation Techniques
    • Three-dimensional representation drawing
    • Freehand Sketching
    • Color Rendering Techniques
    • Scaled Model Making
  3. Mood Boards and Sample Boards
    • Mood Board definition
    • Color and Material Boards
    • Mood Board Examples
    • Material Board Examples
Module 11

Module 11

The Role of an Interior Designer

An Interior Designer is the creative eye in the design development process. It is an Interior Designer’s role to give their artistic input in a design scheme given their background and training in the architectural world of design.

But the role of an Interior Designer does not end with the artistic aspect. An Interior Designer must be able to transform these innovative ideas into practical and livable actuality.

In addition, an Interior Designer is a client’s representative in the design program. He represents the client’s requirements and looks after their best interests.

This unit will empower learners to understand the role and capacity of an Interior Designer. They will explore potential wellsprings of information for outlining creative thoughts and pick up an understanding of transforming these underlying ideas into a tangible reality.

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Module 11 - Outline

  1. Interior Design Inspiration
    • Client Brief
    • Translating Elements and Data to Interior Design Settings
    • Interior Design Then and Now
  2. Interior Design Trends
    • What is “Trend”
    • Development of Trends Over Time
    • Interior Design Trends in the Current Setting
  3. The Role of an Interior Designer
    • The Role of an Interior Designer in relation to the Design Process
    • The Function of an Interior Designer in relation to the Design Process
Module 12

Module 12

The Business and Profession of Interior Design

This course does not end with the teaching of the Interior Design and construction process. An Interior Design profession is one that gives profit.

This course takes the students from gaining the fundamental skills of Interior Design to taking these skills and using them in the corporate world of professional designers.

This module covers the full spectrum of the professional Interior Design business from setting up a portfolio, understanding the profession of Interior Design and the rules to consider in practicing, marketing skills and up to the point of setting up an Interior Design business firm.

Our Institute prides itself on involving professionals in the business formation field and honored to take each trainee through every step of their journey in starting up their own business

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Module 12 - Outline

  1. Business Practices
    • Responsibilities of a Sole Trader
  2. Cost Estimates, Consulting fees and value engineering
    • Material Estimates and Bill of Quantities
    • Costing of Works for Built Construction
    • Costing of Works for F.F. and E.Charging for Client Briefs
    • >
    • Design Fees
    • Fees for Site Supervision and Inspection
    • Schedule of Fees
  3. Marketing and Promotion
    • Client Relations and Networking
    • Portfolio Management
    • Marketing Methods
    • Identifying Potential Clients
  4. Supplier Liaison
    • Sourcing Suppliers
    • Procurement
    • Environmental Design Concepts
    • Setting Up a Trade Account
  5. Identifying Career Opportunities